Citroën (2009-2019): C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6, C8, Berlingo, Clever, Jumper, Jumpy, Nemo, Xsara.
This list may be updated as the investigations by the Foundation are still ongoing.
The Foundation is of the opinion that all diesel vehicles, which were brought on the market in the period 2009-2019 under the Euro 5 or Euro 6 emission standard, are equipped with an illegal defeat device. More specifically, preliminary investigations by the Foundation, indicate that the engines in question may be those listed below.
Additional car models, or engine types, may be added to this list as the investigations by the Foundation are still ongoing.