Citroën (2009-2019): C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6, C8, Berlingo, Clever, Jumper, Jumpy, Nemo, Xsara.

This list may be updated as the investigations by the Foundation are still ongoing.


The Foundation is of the opinion that all diesel vehicles, which were brought on the market in the period 2009-2019 under the Euro 5 or Euro 6 emission standard, are equipped with an illegal defeat device. More specifically, preliminary investigations by the Foundation, indicate that the engines in question may be those listed below.

  • Engine capacity (in cubic centimetres and/or litres):
    • 1248
    • 1398
    • 1399
    • 1499
    • 1560
    • 1868
    • 1997
    • 2179
    • 2198
    • 2720
    • 2992
    • 2999
  • Another indication of the presence of an illegal defeat device is the type of motors listed below. Type of motor:
    • DT17
    • DT20
    • DV4
    • DV5
    • DV6
    • DW8
    • DW10
    • DW12
    • F30DT
    • F30DTE
    • P22DTE

Additional car models, or engine types, may be added to this list as the investigations by the Foundation are still ongoing.


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The Procedure Against Peugeot, Citroën and DS

Peugeot, Citroën and DS were all part of the (former) PSA Group, which merged into Stellantis in 2021. In the Netherlands alone Peugeot, Citroën and DS have sold around 200.000 diesel vehicles. Millions more were sold on the European market.

According to information provided by the Foundation, all these Peugeot, Citroën and DS diesel cars were provided with illegal defeat devices. These illegal defeat devices ensure that the vehicles concerned `comply` with the EU type-approval emission standards while tested. The Euro 5 vehicles (that were sold from 2009 to 2014) contain, inter alia, a thermal window that ensures that the emission control systems shut down during common temperatures. In addition, the Euro 6 vehicles (2015 to 2019) include additional illegal defeat devices that ensure that the AdBlue dosing is reduced substantially during the normal use of the cars. As a result, Peugeot, Citroën and DS emit much more NOx than legally permitted. In some cases, more than fourteen times the statutory limit. Despite this fraud, the PSA Group advertised its vehicles as being particularly environmentally friendly.

Peugeot, Citroën and DS’s reaction

With its actions the (former) PSA Group (currently the Stellanis Group) has caused extensive damage. The market for diesel cars has plummeted and the value of the cars has been reduced considerably. Moreover, the environment and public health have suffered at the hands of PSA’s Group behaviour. The French government initiated criminal proceedings against the former top holding of the PSA Group and in Germany a criminal investigation is pending as well. However, Peugeot, Citroën and DS continue to present themselves as “green” companies and act as if they are unaware of any wrongdoing.

Our Goals

Individual car owners don’t have the means to hold large international companies like Stellantis accountable. As a result, large companies tend to go free and leave their customers empty handed. The consequences are, amongst others, a lower sales value of the diesel cars on the second-hand market and higher maintenance costs. However, relatively new legislation in the Netherlands, called the WAMCA, makes it possible for representatives like the Foundation to file a collective claim of behalf of all injured parties. In this way, the Foundation can recover compensation to which you may be entitled on your behalf, without any risk to you.

The Foundation has already initiated class actions against five large automotive concerns (of which two are against Stellantis). With this, the Foundation has acquired substantial experience with tracking down illegal defeat devices and identifying affected vehicles. The Foundation has close relations with a leading IT-expert that previously exposed the functioning of illegal defeat devices in cars of different brands, namely Volkswagen, Fiat and Mercedes-Benz. The Foundation is currently the only Dutch representative that has this type of (technical) expertise. This expertise can and will ensure that the Foundation can make the difference. This expertise is what makes the Foundation the most suitable party to pursue your interests.

Litigation against Peugeot, Citroën and DS

In July 2021 the Foundation Emission Claim started litigation against, inter alia, the manufacturer of Peugeot, Citroen and DS. This writ of summons also includes Opel.

Pursuant to the WAMCA legislation, other vehicles, the subject of a claim, that want to initiate a class action based on the same course of events, have to do so within three months after the registration of the first writ. The court may, on request, extend this term. Upon our, and also Foundation Car Claim’s requests the court has extended this term with another three months.

On 18 and 19 January 2022 the Foundation issued its writ of summons against the defendants. These include Stellantis as the parent company, Peugeot, Citroen and DS and the various affiliated entities (in France), the importer and also the Dutch car dealers. The writ of summons has been registered at the Central Register for Class Actions and is accessible through the following link:

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